In meteorology a latitude parallel wind or the latitude parallel component of a wind.
The great majority of the waves appear in regions associated with prograde motions of the mean zonal flow.
Advanced systems have been built, and microsecond scale density profile, turbulence, and zonal flow measurement have been demonstrated.
The turbulence-induced zonal flow and pressure-gradient-induced drift play essential roles in the two types of limit cycles, respectively.
These barriers have been identified in symplectic nontwist maps that model such zonal flows.
A synthetic turbulence model is used to test the algorithm and optimize it for measuring zonal flows.
Zonal flow measurements are found to require a signal-to-noise ratio above -10and a zonal flow wavelength longer than - 2cm
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